A Kuroiwa’s Ground Gecko (Goniurosaurus kuroiwae), or the Okinawan Ground Gecko, is a species of lizard in the Eublepharinae subfamily. It is found only in Japan, and there are four recognized subspecies.
This species inhabits the leaf litter of subtropical forests in karst limestone areas. It is primarily nocturnal and hunts small invertebrates on the ground by both foraging and ambushing its prey.
Each adult female lays one to three clutches per breeding season (from late May to early August), and each clutch consists of no more than two eggs. Hatchlings, appearing from late August to early October, usually become mature in the late breeding season of the next year or in the early breeding season in two years later.
This species is threatened by human activities including deforestation, predation from introduced carnivores and illegal collection for the pet trade.
Large areas of the native subtropical forest on the Ryukyu Islands was cleared and converted for agriculture, and habitat degradation took place during World War II. Introduced carnivores, such as the mongoose (on Okinawajima), weasel (on Akajima), and domestic and feral cats (everywhere) find this species easy prey.
Due to these factors, G. k. toyamai is Critically Endangered, G. k. yamashinae, G. k. splendens and G. k. orientalis are considered Endangered and G. k. kuroiwae is considered Vulnerable.
Photo reblogged by colorsoffauna, photo taken by Okinawa Nature Photography on Flickr.
(Source: , via reptiglo)