The Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) is a subspecies within a group of hinge-shelled turtles, normally called Box turtles. The Eastern Box Turtle is native to an eastern part of the United States and is one of only two species of box turtles found in the United States. It is the only “land turtle” found in North Carolina, where it is the state reptile.
Box turtles are slow crawlers, extremely long lived, slow to mature, and have relatively few offspring per year. These characteristics, along with a propensity to get hit by cars and agricultural machinery, make all box turtle species particularly susceptible to anthropogenic, or human-induced, mortality.